Why has English become a global language?

To what extent is control of English shifting away from British and American speakers?
How and why does this happen?

Will English always be the global language?
Which examples does Crystal give to prove his points?
What are characteristics of a lingua franca?



  1. Describe the connection between power and language as seen by Crystal.
  2. Discuss when and how the four types of power mentioned by David Crystal might one day be dominated by other languages. Which languages might that be? Justify your answers by giving examples.
  3. Outline the possible future(s) of English.
  4. Discuss: Considering Crystals statements and observations, how should that be reflected in language learning and teaching?